麻省理工学院(Massachusetts Institute of Technology)

创立于1861年, 坐落于美国马萨诸塞州剑桥市(大波士顿地区),是世界著名私立研究型大学。 作为世界顶尖高校,麻省理工学院尤其以自然及工程学享誉世界,位列2015-16 年世界大学学术排名(ARWU)工程学世界第1、计算机科学第2,与斯坦福大 学、加州大学伯克利分校一同被称为工程科技界的学术领袖。截至2017年,著名马萨诸塞州理工师生、校友或研究人员包括了91位诺贝尔奖得主、52位国家科学奖章获奖者、45位罗德学者、38名麦克阿瑟奖得主、6名菲尔兹奖获奖者、25位图灵奖得主。此校同时具很强的创业文化,由其校友所创办的公司利润总值相当于全球第十一大经济体。

麻省理工学院-生物医学科研

一、课题方向

Biomedical Engineering

生物医学工程

Biomechanics and Biophysics of the Cell

细胞生物力学与生物物理

Malaria

疟疾

Nanoscale Properties of Biological Materials

生物材料的纳米级性质

Nanostructured or Amorphous Materials

纳米结构或非晶态材料

Nano-Indentation and Micro-Indentation

纳米压痕与微压痕

Surfaces and Thin Films

表面和薄膜

Functionally Graded Materials

梯度功能材料

 

二、科研内容参考

Organ-on-a-Chip Systems:

Microengineering to Biomimic Living Systems for Biomedical Application

Keywords:

Organ-on-a-Chip, 3D cell culture, microfludic, biomaterials, drug delivery, disease model Recommendation: This program is designed for students who are intrested in interdisciplinary fields, expecially biomedical engineering, biomaterials, tissue engineering, and human diseases.

Abstract

Organ-on-a-chip system is a kind of new biomedical research method to recapitulate organ-level structures and functions for drug evaluation and disease model. It can be used to simulate the microstructure, microenvironment, and functional features of human organ, and have a potential to be applied in drug screening and clinical diagnosis and treatment.It will focus on the fundamental understanding of structure-function relationships in normal and pathological mammalian tissues or organs and the development of biological substitutes to restore, maintain or improve organ functions. Building physiological and pathological organ on a chip will provide a good platform for biomedical research. The greatest value of sophisticated organs-on-chips for the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries may lie in the validation and prioritization of lead drug candidates, and the chips may be used to identify new biomarkers of drug efficacy, toxicity or disease response for clinical trials. These organ-on-a-chip systems may open up new horizons in biomedical research and industrialization prospect.

This program is mainly releated with the organs, such as liver, Lung, spleen, and vascular system. It is associating with interdisciplinary fields between microfluidic chip and tissue engineering open to students who are actively interested in the emerging f ields of multiple softwares design (e.g. auto- CAD, 3D max, comsol simulation), microfabrication technologies (e.g. Soft lithography, 3D bioprinting, microfludic chip), new materials (e.g. biomaterials, photonic crystal materials), and biological technologies (e.g. biological sensing and imaging, devices). Students will undergo rigorous scientific training for experimental operation, software application, micro-machining and paper writing in research lab.

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